Employment Discrimination

A guide to resources and information on employment discrimination law.

Federal Legislation

Each of the laws below, enforced by the EEOC, Department of Labor, or Department of Justice, is hyperlinked to the text of the law on the EEOC or U.S. GPO website. Please note that these links are for quick reference, and the language found on each page should not be relied upon or cited to as the final authority. For the official, authenticated text of the law, see the PDF versions of Public and Private Laws on the GPO website, or see U.S. Statutes at Large in print at the Law Library.

Equal Pay Act of 1963

  • Pub. L. 88-38; 77 Stat. 56
  • "An Act: To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce."
  • Legislative documents available through HeinOnline U.S. Statutes at Large Library
  • Legislative Histories available through the sources listed here (note: click the link at the top "Articles that cite this public law number" for one-stop shopping). 

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967

Rehabilitation Act of 1973

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Civil Rights Act of 1991

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)

Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009

Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2013 (proposed)

State Legislation

Almost all states have adopted discrimination laws related to employment, with protection against discrimination based on various factors, such as race, gender, age, marital status, national origin, religion or disability. Many of the state laws are similar in nature to Federal Civil Rights Laws but may offer additional protections against employment-related discrimination.

For an introduction to relevant state legislation, see the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) website: