When writing a paper or conducting research, authors often refer to existing scholarship. If an author utilizes the ideas or words of another, he or she must adequately attribute that information through textual citations.
Style manuals outline how and when to cite specific sources. Popular style manuals include: The Chicago Manual of Style, the Modern Language Association Handbook, and the American Psychological Association Style among others.
Some disciplines prefer certain citation styles. Check with your professors or others in your field to see which style is appropriate!
A citation manager digitally stores and and organizes bibliographic data.
Data organized in a citation manager can be imported from a compatible database, typed directly into the chosen program, or even taken as a "snapshot" from a webpage.
Several varieties of citation managers are now offered—some available with a downloadable desktop program, some accessible through an online login system, and some attached to an online browser as a bookmark or add-on.
Both free and commercial versions of citation managers are available..